Vocational high school graduates can transfer to vocational higher schools without examination. However, in order to transfer from regular high schools to vocational higher schools, it is necessary to get a certain score from the Higher Education Transition Examination (YGS). The education period of vocational high schools is two years. Some vocational schools have foreign language preparatory classes. Students who successfully complete their two-year education can pass the Vertical Transfer Exam (DGS) and transfer to universities that offer four-year undergraduate education.
To earn a bachelor's degree, it is necessary to complete four years of study at a university. However, for professional branches such as Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Law and Veterinary, it is necessary to complete a training period ranging from five to six years.
Upon completion of undergraduate education, students who complete a two-year master's program with or without thesis are awarded a master's degree. Master's programs with thesis generally require at least 21 credits and writing a thesis. Non-thesis master's programs are programs that can be completed in 1.5 years, require at least 30 credits and a term project.
Those who have a bachelor's or master's degree can apply to doctoral programs. In doctoral programs, it is necessary to take at least 7 courses and 21 credits and pass the proficiency exam. Students who successfully pass their courses and proficiency exam write a thesis and defend their thesis orally before the thesis committee.
Specialization in Medicine
Medical specialization degree is a doctorate-equivalent specialization degree obtained in medical faculties, hospitals and research hospitals. Graduates of medical faculties take the Medical Specialization Examination (TUS) in different branches of medicine to become specialists in medicine. Specialist candidates are required to present a thesis and defend their thesis before the committee.
Proficiency in Art
It is a degree equivalent to a doctorate, which is attained after graduating from a faculty or college, by taking an exam in that branch of art and producing a work of art and a scientific work.